According to cited Romanian botanical literature, Colchicum fominii Bordz., a rare mezo-xerophyle species, grows only in Dobrogea, on loamy-sandy soils on calcareous substrate. The species is considered to be distinct from Colchicum arenarium Waldst. & Kit, which grows further west, on hill slopes in Oltenia, and also on the shores of the Danube in Moldova Veche at the southern edge of Banat. The Romanian sources cited by FloraRO describe C. fominii as having ciliate leaves, whereas C. arenarium has glabrous leaves.

Unlike these sources, TPL and E+M consider the two species to be synonyms. Also, according to FEU, C. arenarium is quite similar to C. umbrosum Steven, which is described as having glabrous leaves


06.10.2013  28.09.2014 CT

Perennial bulbotuber (corm). Flowers 1-4, light- to deep pinkish-purple. Leaves grow after anthesis, in the spring. Fruit is a capsule.

Perianth segments obtuse to acute, with narrow elliptical limb. Styles straight or slightly curved at apex. Stigmas punctiform.

The tube of the perianth can be purple or translucid white.

Anthers and pollen yellow.

Stigmas punctiform. Stamens inserted at the base of the limb.

Corm ovoid; tunic reddish to dark brown, coriaceuous.

A younger plant with shorter, not fully developed, elliptic or obovate perianth segments.

26.03.2017 CT

Plant with leaves and fruit.

Some individuals have ciliate leaves ...

... whereas others have glabrous ones. All plants were checked with a magnifying glass.

E+M Distribution: Cz Hu Ju Rm Uk(U)