Place names

The FloraRO Data Repository stores and displays various information regarding Romanian spontaneous plants. This data has been aggregated from a number of publications cited in the Sources section of this website. The Data Repository is centered around a plant species-placename(s) (S/P) pair, and includes the following: extended chorological information, placename availability, altitudinal zone, and access points; species taxonomy, morphology, ecology, enedmic or relict status, herbarium information, and european or global distribution; authors, original comments, publications, editors.

The queries listed on this page make use of all the data existing in the FloraRO Data Repository. Since one query cannot display all existing columns for lack of page space, several have been devised that use different geographical criteria and display different groups of columns. The output of queries can be filtered and sorted using multiple criteria, thus becoming more focused and relevant to the user.

If you are new to this site, we recommend you start with Q_31 or Q_34 (Q_35), which have a more straightforward geography. Q_32 is noticeably more complex, but it also contains a significantly larger ammount of data. It might be also useful to browse through the Help pages.

Important notice: In all queries, only accepted species names as listed in the Taxonomy section shall be used. See this section to determine correspondence with TPL or E+M.

Sensitive plant data (e.g. placenames of plants with conservation status DD,EN,CR) is available to authenticated users only.


  31.   Species by (Province) Query
  32.   Species by (Province; Region; Area) Query
  33.   Species by (County; Protected area) Query
  34.   Species by (County; Area) Query
  35.   Species by (County; Access point) Query
  51.   Counties and distances Query
  54.   Protected areas by (County) Query

Query output conveys a comprehensive picture of the geographical distribution of the species, the history of their presence or subsequent lack thereof (due to the degradation and destruction of specific habitats, mainly a consequence of human activity), and the contemporary or historical sources that cite them - papers, books or the World Wide Web. As this is work in progress, the Data Repository will hopefully grow over time and include a growing number of sources.

One of the main goals of this project is to enable a thorough overview of the Romanian native flora and its on-site status. At the time of its publication, The Flora of Romania (FMR) was more or less such a data collection - in printed form. Today, the World Wide Web enables instant, worldwide data access, consequently a project such as this should integrate the very important but outdated opus as well as a large number of books, papers et al. published during the last 5-6 decades since FMR was published (i.e. 1960-2010).

Obviously, to achieve this goal a significant amount of work is necessary, quite probably involving more than the 2-3 people that are now contributing to the FloraRO's Data Repository, especially since its present data volume is perceived as being only 3-5% of its optimal value. One can only hope that this will change for the better as time goes by, just as one should hope that the conservation status and well-being of Romanian native Flora will do the same - even if the present and perceived trends point towards the opposite.

Data volumes

As of September 2017, the Data Repository of FloraRO contains a number of  32,554 species-placenames pairs for  2,748 species,  3,469 taxons from the Romanian Flora (accepted names),  6,869 taxon names (accepted names and synonyms),  119 sources of various types (books, papers, World Wide Web citations etc.),  3,574 access points,  5,862 placenames; a list of  1,255 protected areas (PN, PNa, N2K & RZ) which represent more than 95% of the total; the Index of plant families and genuses of Flora Republicii Populare/Socialiste România botany encyclopedia ( 1,233 entries); and  3,273 (tagged) titles of botanical romanian and foreign publications.

Update & correction log

2018_01 Placename update & correction.
2018_03 Added  11,453 species-place names pairs.
2018_04 Placename update & correction.